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Before the arrival of Europeans, First Nations in what is now Canada were able to satisfy all of their material and spiritual needs through the resources of the natural world around them.
All First Nations believed that their values and traditions were gifts from the Creator. First Nations treated all objects in their environment with the utmost respect. They showed this through songs, dances, festivals and ceremonies.
They wore traditional clothing which were tunics, leggings and moccasins make out of animal skin. They hunted and farmed for food and medicine, and most lived in teepees and occupied certain amount of land for their tribe.
In the 1500s Europeans returned to the eastern shores of North America to establish settlements. By that time, many Europeans had heard from returning fishermen about the wealth of resources that the New World offered.
Even though they were first allies, the Europeans turned on them, mistreating them by kicking them off their land, and hunting all the food that they need to eat, also pushing them out of their land.
Aboriginal people were forced to assimilate into European culture and children were forced to go to residential schools. Their culture and identity was taken away from them,
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