The 2 main functions of this court are: To make decisions on disputes between 2 countries and to give legal advice.
The Hague, Netherlands
The LoN set up the WHO, Refugee Organisation and a Slavery Commission to fight for the abolition of slavery.
The Powers could decide what they didn't want to do and sometimes they did things in their own interest.
Having rare and unanimous meetings and lacking superpowers.
Weaknesses included not having the USA, USSR or Germany. Not having an army...
Successes in the '20s: 1920-1 Aaland Islands 1920- Upper Silesia 1922- Austria 1923- Turkey vs. Iraq (Britain) 1925- Greece/Bulgaria
Disarmament (by the mid 20s it was accepted than an arms race had helped cause WWI. They tried to limit arm and naval power but self-interest made sure that it didn't work)
Failures in the '20s 1919/20- Vilna 1923- Corfu Disarmament
Each of the major powers had different interests & concerns in the '20s:
France was worried about being attacked by Germany
Britain wanted to rebuild its empire and trade routes
Sometimes the League could help but sometimes it couldn't. There were lots of international agreements. Some to do with the League and some completely separate from it.
The US wanted to stay out of European affairs
Germany wanted a stable government and its reputation back
Invasion of Manchuria, 1931. China appealed to the League. Lord Lytton checked it out and said both sides were at fault so Japan left the League in 1933.
Failures of the League in the '30s were not uncommon.
Italian Invasion of Abyssinia, 1935 Mussolini invaded A and the League imposed trade sanctions. Britain didn't apply them so Mussolini carried on normally and everyone thought of the League as a bit of a joke.
Failure of the World Disarmament Conference. The League was unsure whether to disarm everyone else to Germany's level or to rearm Germany. France said the wrong thing so Hitler pulled Germany from the League.