The Battle of Fallen Timbers started on August 20, 1794, it was the last major conflict of the Northwest Territory Indian War between Native Americans and the United States. At the Battle, near present-day Toledo, Ohio, General Antony Wayne (1745-96) led U.S. troops to victory over a confederation of Indian Warriors whose leaders included Chief Blue Jackets of the Shawnees and Chief Little Turtle of the Miamis. The Treaty of Greenville, signed the following year, opened up much of present-day Ohio to white settlers.
The battle of timbers, on August 20, 1794, was the last major conflict of the Northwest Territory Indian War between Native Americans and the United States.
Although the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which ended the American Revolutionary War (1775-83), ceded control of the Northwest Territory (the land northwest of the Ohio River) to the United States, the British failed to abandon their forts in the region and continued to support their Indian allies in skirmishes with American settler.
Did you know? A number of American towns, cities and countries were named for General Anthony Wayne, including, Fort Wayne, Indiana; Wayne, New Jersey; and Waynesboro, Georgia.
Prior to the Battle of Timbers, two earlier American military expeditions into the Northwest Territory by generals Josiah Harvard and Arthur St. Clair in 1790 and 1791, respectively, failed to end the unrest. In fact, St. Clair’s effort at the Battle of the Wabash concluded with an Indian victory and heavy U.S. troop losses.
During the Revolutionary War, Wayne, a Pennsylvania native, had earned the moniker “Mad Anthony” for his bold and successful storming of a British fort at the Battle of Stony Point, New York, in 1779.
At the Battle of Fallen Timbers, on August 20, 1794, Wayne led American troops to a decisive victory against a confederation of Native Americans whose leaders included Chief Little Turtle (Miami), Chief Blue Jacket (Shawnee) and Chief Buckongahelas (Lenape). The fighting took place on the Mauree River, near present-day Toledo.