John Cabot was from Italy, however he moved to England to avoid debt. In England, he lived in a city on a dock and gained a following to try and find more land in what was called the West Indies, or as we know, the Americas. He gathered a small crew and set sail westward.
Inspired by Christopher Columbus, the conquistador, or a spanish conqueror, who attempted to circumnavigate (travel around) the world to reach Asia, but instead found the carribean. John Cabot had attempted one sail for the new world, but failed. He then set sail again, with his own crew, and planned to make a landing in what they called the West Indies.
The journey was especially long, crossing the entire Atlantic Ocean with just a single ship, using what was at the time modern technology, a compass, and it totalled a time span of 52 days! John cabot and his crew landed in Northern East Canada, on the Labrardor coast.
John Cabot and his crew landed near a strait inbetween the strait of Newfoundland and Labrador. A strait is a narrow passage way between two land forms. John Cabot made note of the discovery, and set sail back to England to inform the King of England of his discovery!
The King made Cabot a hero back in England, and sent him off with more men and more ships, and they once again set sail across the Atlantic to land back in North America, particularly Canada. John Cabot had very few supplies in the beginning, but now he has a bit of an Armada, or a fleet of ships.
John Cabot's discovery, with very few supplies, led to the English conquering Canada and the Northern parts of the United States! They discovered much since landing there, but unfortunately John died shortly after in 1498. However, his legacy lived on, as the founder of Canada.