Growth of Royal Power in England and France
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William the Conquerer
On Christmas Day 1066, William took the crown England after defeating another person he also wanted power at the Battle of Hastings. He had there Domesday census taken to learn about his kingdom. This helped William and future kings build a successful system of collecting taxes, which would help them build up their kingdom.
William created the Domesday book. It was a census that counted all people and property of England. William used it to collect taxes to help the kingdom of England grave.
Henry II expanded the system of the royal justice. The early juries determines which case should be brought to trial. Henry's hard work to extends royal power led to bitter depute with Church
The Magna Carta contained two very very important ideas. First, it asserted that nobles had certain rights. Second, the Magna Carta made it clear that the monarch must obey the laws.
John angered his own nobles with oppressive taxes and other abuses. In 1251, a rebellious barons forced John to sign the Magna Carta. In this document, the kings affirmed a long list of feudal rights. The king also can't raise taxes without talking with the Great Council of lords and clergy.
In 1295, Edward I summoned Parliament to approve money for his wars in France. Edward I had representatives of the "common people" join with the lords and clergy.
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