Conch Shell Ralph has the Conch and controls the tribe.
The Beast Everybody fears the Beast that terrorizes the island.
Masks/Paint The boys turn into ruthless hunters when they wear their paint and masks.
"If I blow the conch and they don't come back; then we've had it. We shan't keep the fire going. We'll be like animals. We'll never be rescued" This quote shows how the conch keeps the "tribe" organized and intact because without the conch and leadership, the kids most likely won't survive without the guidance.
Piggy's Glasses Jack steals Piggy's glasses for his own use.
"There isn't anyone to help you. Only me. And I'm the Beast... Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill!... You knew, didn't you? I'm part of you? Close, close, close! I'm the reason why it's no go? Why things are the way they are?" [Golding, 143] The beast is a symbol because the whole book it represents the growing savagery inside of the boys. Later on in the book, the beast ends up to drown the kids in killing and they kill some civilized people.
The Fire The Fire represents the boy's lack of control of themselves and each other
"Beside the pool [Jack's] sinewy body held up a mask that drew their eyes and appalled them. He began to dance, his laughter became blood thirsty snarling He capered toward Bill, and the mask was a thing of its own, behind which Jack hid, liberated from shame and self consciousness." [Golding, This shows how possibly the masks aren't just for appearance, but when you put on the mask it is a mask of savagery.
Simon Simon represents Jesus Christ and his ability to view reality at its purest.
"The chief led them, trotting steadily, exulting in his achievement. He was a chief now in truth, and he made stabbing motions with his spear. From his left hand dangled Piggy's broken glasses." [Golding, 168] This quote shows how civilization is being tore apart from the savage humans who live on this island.
"Piggy stood up and pointed into the smoke and flames. [...] 'That little 'un-' gasped Piggy-'him with the mark on his face, I don't see him. Where is he now?"[Golding, 46] The quote explains how the boys lack of control and carelessness of the fire has led a boy to be missing and possibly dead out in the fire. The savage part of the boys is the part of them that has a lack of sense and doesn't care that the fire is raging wild and destroying their home while Piggy is being sensible and is saying instead of fire, we need to work on making shelters.
“Maybe," he said hesitantly, "maybe there is a beast." [...] "What I mean is, maybe it's only us.” [Golding, 89] This quote by Simon really shows what kind of intelligent person he is by expressing his view of the world and how others act. Simon represents the civilized part of the island and that is why he is shunned and lower down in the society of the island. The island is a very savage place as appose to Simon.