The Kingdom of Ghana

The Kingdom of Ghana

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  • The Government
  • Trans-Saharan
  • Gold Miners
  • Ghana's government was ruled by a king. The king was the head of the army and he decides in matters of justice. He also led religious worships. He would control the gold trade, which made him a 
  • Salt Miners
  • Camels were a big help for the trans-Saharan trade route. They could drink 25 gallons of water and travel across the desert for days without stopping. 
  • Tax System
  • There were a lot of gold in Wangara. The miners there would keep the location of their gold mines were kept a secret. Some would get captured by merchants and would die instead of give the location. We still don't know where the exact location of the Wangara mines are.
  • Exchange of Goods
  • Salt was more important than gold to West Africans. Unlike gold they actually need salt to replace the salt they lost from perspiration. . There were two ways to harvest salt. One is water would be poured into holes in the salty earth, then the water slowly drew the salt out and it evaporated in the sun. The second way was they mined for salt. The salt that was left were scooped out and packed into blocks.
  • Goods were taxed when traders entered Ghana and when they left. They would also charge every one sixth of gold for each load of salt. Traders were also charged for carrying other types of goods.  This helped make Ghana wealthy.
  • Kumbi was the busiest market in West Africa. Ironsmiths sold weapons and tools. Goldsmiths and coppersmiths sold jewelry. Weavers would sell cloth, and leatherworks would sell leather. People bought sheep, cattle, honey, wheat, raisins, and more. Wangarans and traders would trade along a river without having to meet or talk.
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