How did peasants become independent from the feudal lords?
We want independence!
In the Middle Ages, peasants had no power in the feudal system. But at the same time they played a very important part on its structure because they provided the goods in exchange from protection from the lords.
Hi, I am Augusto an I am a peasant farmer from a town in France.
Then, in the High Middle Ages, peasant farmers improved agriculture by clearing forests and adopting better farming methods to grow crops that provided the goods.
Guys! We should clear more forests so we can grow more crops in which our farming is producing better goods.
As a result to this, they grew a lot of crops that provided a variety of goods that they sold on the market and merchant fairs. All these revived the trade and commerce in towns.
Who wants to trade fresh fruits like apple and carrots for silk or coins?
Me! I'll give you 2 coins for 2 red apples.
By this, some towns grew wealthier. So town dwellers began to resent the lord's right to govern and demand taxes, because they no longer needed their protection/interference. This was because they wanted to govern themselves.
Oh, no! How could that be possible?
Dear lord, with all my respect, an from the others that support me, I think that we don't need your protection and interference anymore.
So some towns violence broke out as they struggled to become independent.