The Dutch Settlers found Cape Colony. The national party took over the South Africans all white party. They put in a program called Apartheid program that segregated people by race.
The Boers were against the Apartheid. Nonwhites couldn't marry between races. The best land was for whites only and public places were segregated by race.
Mr. Mandella, you are free to go
Thank you for releasing me from prison
ANC fought apartheid. South African protested against Apartheid. The Government didn't like these protest. They had marches and strikes to protest. School children marched in Soweto to protest.
The South African government reacted cruelly to the protest. Many protesters got shot in the back from cops. Cops killed 69 people at peaceful protest, boycotts. Nelson Mandella led South Africans and was then arrested.
It hurt the economy of the South Africans and a new president F.W de Klerk repelled apartheid laws and released Mandella from prison. They started a new constitution. Mandella won the noble peace prize and then became president.