Rome is on the Italian Peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea. There is a lot of mountains near Rome so they settled near the coast. The city is at the easiest spot to cross the Tiber River.
There was two brothers named Romulus and Remus that were twins and they were kidnapped and put in a river to die because they had royal blood. A she-wolf saved them and raised them until a man found them and taught them how to be a human. Soon the old king asked them to help him so the brothers got people to overtake the throne. After that they built Rome and they got in an argument to name the city they built so Romulus killed Remus and named the city Rome.
The Romans used Etruscan arches and cuniculus which are systems of underground irrigation. They used pipes and vertical shafts to move the water. Also they used arches. The arches had pillars holding them up and a key stone in the middle that held the weight and keep all the other stones in place.
Greek Art, Writing, and Religion
The Romans were influenced by Etruscan sports like slave fighting. The slaves that fought were called gladiators and they fought at their masters funeral and for public entertainment. The fight was to the death using shields and swords. The Romans also watched chariot races which were races with people riding horses in two wheels carts. Many people died in the races because they fell out and got trampled by the other horses.
The Romans used Greek style of architecture by using pillars. The used of pillars can be seen in the Coliseum which has stood for hundreds of years. The coulombs added beauties and support to buildings. Eventually the Romans learned to use concrete to make larger structures.
The Romans used an altered version of the Greek alphabet that was used in Etruscan city´s. They also used Greek art. The Romans made big clay bowls and cups with Greek methods. Sculptors also made sculptures and painters made art based on the Greek style of art. Religion was also modified from the Greeks. They had the same gods but made different names for them.