Why do we have to leave our family's for weeks on end?
If only this was easier
He's not going to make it
I'm so hungry
Why are there no mushrooms or berries?
The Beginning of Agriculture
I wonder what would happen if I planted these?
We should have thought of taming the animals sooner
We have food! Hallelujah!
Now our meat supply is right here.
You're a genious! We now have surplus amount of food to support the community
Building Permanent Shelters
You can't get me!
This is much more enjoyable than life on the go
The Paleolithic age began roughly 2 million years ago, and lasted until 8000 B.C.E. These times were very dangerous and unpredictable. The Nomads were always on the move, following the animals as their source of food. People often died in this age either from starvation or hunting accidents. Populations started plummeting and humans were on the brink of extinction. Then one glorious day some genius discovered agriculture and the rest of the world as we know it, changed forever.
Mr. / Mrs. Genius discovered agriculture towards the end of the Paleolithic age. They discovered that they could plant seeds and harvest crops. Over time, farmers learned about what seeds produced the most crops in where they lived. Farmers also discovered the taming of animals. This proved to be quite important for human's well-being because the animals they had gave a stable meat supply, and the cattle and goats also produced milk. Having a surplus amount of food populations started to rise.
I will trade both you my cow and 5 bushel's of grain for planting, for 5 carrots, a melon and pig.
After the discovery of Agriculture people thought it was pointless to leave their hard work behind so they decided to build permanent shelters. The shelters they made were manufactured from mud bricks, packed together to build little houses that were round or rectangular in shape. Inside the house were several rooms, each existing of food storage built into the floor. Pits for cooking were dug into the floor and lined with clay. People also may have filled pits with hot stones to boil the water for cooking.
My first house I have ever built
My newest invention! I am going to call it the ax
Having the ability to maintain a stealthy food supply allowed people to build permanent shelters. Everyone in-turn having the same idea started to build communities. In paleolithic times most communities consisted of 20 to 60 Nomads who wandered from one place to another. Living in communities in the Neolithic era, where most people were farmers gave opportunity to people who wanted to do something other than farming for a living. Knowing That food was not going to run out allowed that to be possible.
Another ground breaking change in society was the beginning of trade. Trade was very rare in the Paleolithic age because they were more concerned with animals, plants and other resources. Eventually as people began to settle down trade became a more popular enterprise. More often than not traders trade for resources they do not have locally. But as Neolithic people became more skilled in their work they wanted materials that would strengthen their stock. Traders were often forced to travel hundreds of miles, cross mountains and deserts on foot, and sometimes sail over the Mediterranean Sea on ships.
Being able to maintain a steady food supply gave people opportunity for different kinds of jobs. In the Neolithic age there were four other types of jobs besides farming. Weaving, Basket makers, Blacksmith and Traders. Having more than one job in the community gave much opportunity. Farmers learned how to grow and maintain fourteen types of crops, Clothing makers (or weavers) developed a new way to spin and weave using natural fibers such as wool and linen, In some regions people sometimes mined flint for the tool makers in order to manufacture sharper tools.