What about an equal number of slave and free states?
There should be more slave states than free states!
Northern Free States: Beliefs about Congressional Power
Slavery needs to be regulated, and should be done so with federal authority!
Congress has no right to decide weather a state is allowed to have slaves!
Northern Free States: Fears about the Compromise
There must be a way to make more slavery regulation laws
The north opposed it because slave states gained more voices in congress by expanding slavery in the south. Although, they were happy that the issue was at least balanced, but they wanted to have more free states to pass slavery regulation laws.
Southern Slave States: Why did they support it?
The compromise is good because it will give the states the right to popular sovereignty
They believed in strong congressional power because the majority of them were Whigs, who shared many of the same beliefs of the Federalist party. They believed that Congress had to power to decide free and slave states
Southern Slave States: Beliefs about States' Rights
Slaves are property and therefore under the jurisdiction of the state!
They were afraid of slavery expanding further west without regulation. They were satisfied with the balance of power, but they were afraid that more slave states might upset this balance, or keep them from gaining the upper hand
Southern Slave States: Fears about the Compromise
If California is added as a free state then the balance is upset and other free states will join!
They were willing to support it because they could expand slavery in the south and even create a slave state above the 3630 line (Missouri). They were also happy that, once granted statehood, they could decide to be a slave or free state. This went along with their beliefs of popular sovereignty.
They considered slaves as property, so they thought that only the state governments had authority over slave regulation. They believed that the federal government had no right to pass laws regarding slave trade, and believed that they had the right to popular sovereignty.
No, the federal government has the right to decide slave and free states!
They were afraid because they thought that if this act was allowed to pass, more free states would join and slavery would be abolished. They also didn't want slavery to be confined to one section.