positive psychology history

positive psychology history

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  • ·      Positive psychology is the study of human wellbeing and flourishing. It is an applied science that focuses on real world intervention (Emmons, 2018).
  • Welcome, we will be learning about  the history of psychology and the concepts related to pleasure and positive experiences.  
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  • The creation of modern-day psychology movement has been credited to Martin E. P. Seligman.
  •  In 1998, he was appointed the president of the American psychological Association, and during his 1999 inauguration that he introduced his agenda to address modern day pathologically focused psychology (Hefferon and Boniwell, 2011)
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  •  Positive psychology  evolution can be traced back to the Greeks 480-323 BC, (Hefferon and Boniwell, 2011). Socrates (470-399 BC), Plato (428-348 BC) and Aristotle (384-322 BC), among others, produced works on morality, virtue and the meaning of living a good life, (UWIOC, 2018). 
  • In 500-1500AD, teaching of Christianity showed that happiness was found in the afterlife and there were cardinal virtues to keep one from sin (UWIOC, 2018).
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  •   The 14thto 18th Century saw utilitarianism by Jeremy Bentham and JohnStuart Mill whose philosophy argued that the right act or policy fromgovernment was the greatest good for a significant number of people (Hefferon andBoniwell, 2011).
  •     The Late 19thto early 20th century saw the new thought movement. The principlesof psychology by William James (1842-1910) and the power of positive thinkingidea by Norman Vincent Peale (1898-1993) had a great impact.
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  •       (UWIOC, 2018) outlined that pleasure describes different mental states including positivity, enjoyment, satisfaction and gratification which are worth seeking and range from a simple touch, to pleasures of the mind and accomplishment. The state of this good feeling can be experienced from feeling intense, aroused and sharp in the states of joy, to quiet and mellow in the state of serenity.
  •       The mid-20th Century saw humanisticpsychology. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) believed that the study of healthy andcreative individuals should be the basis for humanistic psychology (UWIOC, 2018).
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  •       Affectivity is another concept related to positive emotions and is the extent to which someone experiences positive or negative moods. Positive affects are where someone experience joy and contentment and negative affects are where someone experiences sadness and fear. 
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  •       Positive experience can be seen through emotions. Ford & Mauss (2018) defined emotion experiential, psychological and behavioural response to a stimulus that is meaningful to the individual.
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