A state constitution is the supreme law of that state. State constitutions establish certain organs of government for the State, vest these organs with their powers, and deny certain other powers.
The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States. The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, leaving most of the power with the state governments.
An ordinance was adopted on May 20, 1785, which laid the foundations of American land policy until the passage of the Homestead Act in 1862.