In 509 B.C.E Rome became a republic ruled by the Senate, during the 450 years of the republic Rome expanded to Italy, France, Spain, Turkey, North Africa and Greece.
Rome was founded in 753 B.C.E. by Romulus its founder.
Romans were influenced in greek architecture, literature, statues, wall-paintings, mosaics, pottery and glass. But with greek culture came greek gold, and generals and senators fought over this new wealth.
Roma was very influenced by Greek culture.
Although it was hoped by many that the republic could be restored, it soon became clear that a new political system was forming: the emperor became the focus of the empire and its people.
In 31 B.C.E. Octavian defeated Cleopatra and Mark Antony, this brought the last civil war of the republic to an end.
The emperor became the focus of the empire and its people, Augustus was only the first citizen and ruled by consent of the Senate, he was in fact the empire's supreme authority.
A new era was coming for the Rome people, The Empire.
Starting with Augustus in 27 B.C.E., the emperors ruled for five hundred years. They expanded Rome’s territory and by about 200 C.E., their vast empire expanded from Syria to Spain and from Britain to Egypt.
Now in this time they have taken control on many other cultures and cities.
There were many reasons why the Roman empire fell but the main reason was that many barbarians and other kingdoms and empires attacked them and fell.