Europeans "discovered" new land, because it was new to them they called it the "new world." The "new world" was North, South, and Central America.
Spain, Portugal, and England claimed most of the "New World."
The 3 G's are gold, God, and glory. Gold refers to money. God refers to religious reasons and Glory refers to showing off how powerful they were.
Many English moved to the North America to practice their religion freely and to own more land.
The Europeans, Africa, and North America created the large triangle. Africa and West Indies played an important role as trade of enslaved Africans. The Europeans mostly benefited from the triangle trade.