We federalists believe in a strong central government
I, as a republican, believe in strong state governments.
Alexander Hamilton believed in a federal government, which led him to be a federalist. He had supporters such as merchants and manufacturers.
Federalism is the key to the U.S.! No, the democratic republic is! Lets create political parties to organize your ideas of government!
Thomas Jefferson believed in a Democratic Republic. He had many supporters that believed in this government such as farmers, craft workers, and some wealthy planters.
Federalists believed that wealthy and well educated should lead the nation, and the government should be strong and central. Republicans believed the people should have political power and strong state governments
Political Parties arose to organize different beliefs in government. For example Federalism and the republic have different ideas in government, which need to be organized. That's why political parties arose.