The black box in “The Lottery” is symbolic of traditions and rituals
The three legged stool in “The Lottery” is symbolic of past, present, and future.
The drawing/lottery in “The Lottery” is symbolic of chances in life.
Usually, traditions and the paraphernalia associated with the ritual trace back generations. As a rule, traditions signify culture and commonly observed traditions include: Christmas, Hanukkah,and Thanksgiving. And one wouldn’t want to disrupt established traditions such as those, because they hold “much tradition” and culture.
The character's name Mr. Graves in “The Lottery” are symbolic of tombstones and death.
Typically, there are three broad terms of time, the past, present, and future. As a rule, time represents could contain rituals that die off sooner or later or continue to the present. So, one who agrees with the lottery as a tradition would want that tradition to continue
The character's name Mr. Summers in “The Lottery” is symbolic of a contradiction the reader’s expectation of summer.
Commonly, lotteries are games of chance. As a rule, life features a plethora of chances and could lead to a positive or negative outcome. And in “The Lottery” when one reaches into the black box, their fate is decided.
The character’s name Mrs. Delacroix in “The Lottery” is symbolic of the hypocritical practice of this Christian.
Typically, graves are associated with death. As a rule, Mr. Graves is symbolically the harbinger of death or more commonly known as the grim reaper. So, every year when Mr. Graves brings the stool and the black box alongside Mr. Summers, death follows.
Usually, summer is represented by happiness and sunshine. So when you see Mr. Summers, you would believe that he is the most ecstatic in the town but most of the town “were sorry for him.” Therefore, Mr. Summers name is a contradiction considering his reputation within the town.
Commonly, Christians are incredibly peaceful people. As a rule, for a Christian to commit a sin such as murder and “use a stone so large she had to pick it up with both hands.” is extremely hypocritical of one with a namesake that translates to “of the cross”