What Rome needed was what the liberators had taken from it, a master mind of broad views and of great executive power. We need not be surprised that the death of Caesar was followed by confusion and dismay. No one knew which way to look or what to expect. Soon there appeared new actors upon the scene, men struggling for the supreme power in the state—M. Antonius, the friend of Caesar and his fellow-consul; C. Octavius, his adopted son and heir; M. Aemilius Lepidus, his master of horse; Sextus Pompeius, his previous enemy and the son of his greatest rival; while Cicero still raised his voice in defense of what he regarded as his country’s freedom. The End.