But he doesn't really look black. Why can't he sit here?
Sir you cannot sit in this car. It is for whites only
I bought a first class ticket. I have the right to sit where I want according to the 14th amendment.
You violated the Separate Car Act in Louisiana. Each state has the right to make its own laws. You broke the law in our state so you are guilty.
But doesn't the 13th amendment guarantee that the states cannot make laws that take away my freedom? my freedom to sit where I choose?
By Matthew PG
This Act is really unfair to African Americans.
Plessy bought a ticket for a white only car and according to the state law, he was not allowed to sit there. He refused ot move so he was arrested.
Plessy went to court to argue that the Act was not constitutional according to the 13th and 14th amendments. He lost the case so he appealed to the US Supreme Court
Dissenting opinion: Plessy believed that separating US citizens by race was a violation of freedom and equality so it was unconstitutional.
Majority opinion: Judge Ferguson said that the states had the right to make their laws and that keeping people separate by race was not making them unequal. Plessy's argument was not valid because the law was not against the Constitution.
The court established the separate but equal rule. Plessy was still considered guilty because the 14th amendment guaranteed equal protection but was not able to enforce social equality and desgregation