Julick, Louis, Hans the musicians (plot and theme)
"The orchestra was playing a military march, always the same" (pg 49).
Advancing Plot 1. Warns the musicians what not to play 2. These are some prisoners who are now Elie's friends Developing theme 1. Develops the idea of during the worst times people still care for each other
Louis: "He complained that they would not let them play Beethoven; Jews were not allowed to play German music" (pg 49).
Idek (plot and theme)
"They brought a crate. Idek: 'Lie down...on your belly!' " Elie: "...I no longer felt anything except the lashes of the whip" Idek: "Twenty-three..." Elie: Two more, I thought, half unconscious." Idek: "Stand up!" Elie: "If only I could answer him, if only I could tell him that I could not move. But my mouth would not open" (pg 58)
Advancing Plot 1. Warns people not to mess with Idek 2. Shows what happens when you mess with Idek Developing Theme 1. Develops the idea of bruality to keep a person quiet about what they see
"...occasionally has fits of madness, and then you'd better stay out of his way" (pg 50).
Dentist (plot and theme)
Advancing Plot 1. Warns people not to take money from the German commanders 2. Criminal act of selling the prisoners' gold teeth for money led to his death Developing theme 1. Develops the idea of a person's greed overcoming the fear of the German authority
"He had been thrown into prison and was about to be hanged. It appeared that he had been dealing in the prisoners' gold teeth for his own benefit" (pg 52).
French Girl (theme)
"...From a [Jewish] family...I had false papers and passed as Aryan. And that was how I was assigned to a forced labor unit...I eluded being sent to a concentration camp" (pg 54).
Developing Theme 1. Develops the idea of a person taking risks to get out of a bad situation
Franek (plot and theme)
Advancing plot 1. Warns people not to mess with Franek 2. Shows prisoner taking advantage of others Developing theme 1. Develops the idea of using brutality to get what they want
"Unfortunately, Franek knew how to handle this; he knew my weak spot. My father had never served in the military and could not march in step. But here, whenever we moved from one place to another, it was in step. That presented Franek with the opportunity to torment him and, on a daily basis, to thrash him savagely. Left, right: he punched him. Left, right: he slapped him" (pg 55).
Developing Theme 1. Develops the idea of losing belief in God 2. Develops the idea that anyone can be killed
Elie: "And from within me, I heard a voice answer: 'Where He [God] is? This is where--hanging here from this gallows...' (pg 65).
"But the third rope was still moving: the child, too light, was still breathing..." (pg 65).