Events of the French Revolution

Events of the French Revolution

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  • The March on Versailles
  • The Civil Constitution of the Clergy & The Constitution of 1791
  • The Civil Constitution of the Clergy
  • The Constitution of 1791
  • The King's Attempted Escape
  • Due to Louis XIV's inactivity at Versailles, his refusal to abolish feudalism and enact the Declaration of Rights , as well as the high prices on bread/flour, thousands of Parisian women marched to his palace and demanded more bread. In addition, they demanded the royal family to move to Paris, which they ultimately did. This event shows enlightened ideals because it symbolized the people's power.
  • Declaration of War and the Fall of the Legislative Assembly
  • The CCC stated both bishops and priests of Catholic Church were to be elected by the people and paid by the state. They also had to swear an oath of allegiance to the Civil Constitution. This was an act of enlightened ideals because the church became secularized. The Constitution of 1791 established a constitutional monarchy, limiting the king's power and gave power to the Legislative Assembly. This is a form of enlightenment because the king had very limited power.
  • The Storming of the Palace and The September Massacres
  • The royal family attempted to escape due to the internal chaos and massive tax evasions (financial problems). The flight of the king resulted in distrust from the people because they saw him as a traitor and coward. This lead to radical groups demanding him to be disposed.
  • The Execution of the King
  • European monarchs feared France's condition would influence revolution in their country, so they created Declaration of Pillnitz: stated they would intervene in France to protect the monarchy. The French saw this as foreign intervention/threat to national sovereignty. Led to the Legislative Assembly declaring war on Austria. France was in defeat. Resulted in a drain in France's economy/resources and loss of initial ideals of the Revolution. Legislative Assembly lost all its power, since they couldn't fix any of the problems and paved way for National Convention.
  • After the war, France was in bad condition and the people stormed the Tuillerie Palace to arrest the king. The September Massacres was a mass killing of prisoners in Paris and other cities that was caused by fear among the people. This occurred when the National Convention had internal struggles (Girondins vs more radical leaders). France was in chaos
  • The Storming of the Palace
  • The September Massacres
  • The execution of the King was probably one of the most enlightened acts of the revolution because it symbolized the end of the king's power and of absolutism. Although, the monarchy was restored later on, it was never a complete absolute monarchy and the king had only a limited amount of power.
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