Oh, hello there! Today I'm going to tell you about the Cold War, between America and Russia beginning in the early fifties.
A "cold war" is defined as a rivalry between nations that doesn't involve any combat or battles. Instead, the two nations threaten and use propaganda to turn their people against the other.
Fear was a huge factor in the Cold War, as well as hostility. Both America and Russia prepared and tested atomic bombs, but neither of them wanted to risk starting a nuclear war.
In addition to fears of a war, the Cold War was also defined by unspoken competitions between America and Russia, such as the Space Race, the race for the most successful space travel, and an arms race, a weapons competition.
The main factor that contributed to the Cold War, though, was America's fear of communism, Russia's form of government at the time. America was doing all it could in the world to prevent communism from spreading, such as the Vietnam War and the Korean War.
America even tried to stop communism in their own country, using McCarthyism, an ideology that communists were all around us. Followers of the ideology fired communists, or those they suspected, from their jobs and persecuted them in public.