English and Civil War & Revolution
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Sir, please just join us.
No, absolutely not.
I am victorious and the King is dead!
James I strongly believed in Divine Right of Kings and believed that he did not have to work with Parliament.
I must go!
The Civil War started in 1642. Supporters of King were called Cavaliers (left) and supporters of Parliament were called Roundheads (right).
Oliver Cromwell (Parliament) was victorious in the Civil War against King Charles and the Cavaliers. King Charles was then beheaded. Cromwell eventually sets up a military dictatorship and ruled until his death in 1658. The army then restores England's Monarchy.
A group of English nobles tried to get William of Orange (the ruler of the Netherlands, and husband to James II's daughter Mary) to invade and take over. James II then fled to France before realizing that he had very little support from England and many soldiers deserted him.
The Revolution was won with little or no bloodshed. William and Mary then accepted the throne in 1689.
The English Bill of Rights laid a foundation for the constitutional monarchy. Monarchy and Parliament ruled together and destroyed the idea of Divine Right of Kings.
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