The question before the House is one of awful moment to this country.
Mr. President, it is natural to man to indulge in the illusions of hope. [But] Is this the part of wise men, engaged in a great struggle for liberty?... For my part, whatever anguish of spirit it may cost, I am willing to know the whole truth; to know the worst, and to provide for it.
These are the implements of war and subjugation...
I ask gentlemen, sir, Has Great Britain any enemy, in this quarter of the world, to call for all this accumulation of navies and armies? No, sir, she has none. They are meant for us: they can be meant for no other.
In this paragraph of the speech, Henry is beginning to point out his indifference towards Great Britain and introduces an idea of freedom. In this quote, he is using pathos rhetoric to appeal to a feeling of urgency and fear. By saying that what they are going to discuss is "...awful", he is implementing a sense of worry and curiosity into his audience. He is trying to ignite worry so they pay attention to what he has to say.
Sir, we have done everything that could be done to avert the storm which is now coming on. We have petitioned; we have remonstrated; we have supplicated; we have prostrated ourselves before the throne, and have implored its interposition to arrest the tyrannical hands of Parliament.
In the second paragraph of the speech, Henry is speaking of liberty and hope in regard to the grievances against the King of Great Britain. In this specific quote, he is appealing to ethos by establishing the authority of the president and confirming that his audience are indeed wise men, and then tries to equate that authority to fighting for what they believe in. He does so in an attempt to make them feel as if it there duty to stand up and fight.
...and we have been spurned, with contempt, from the foot of the throne!
If we wish to be free, we must fight! I repeat it, sir, we must fight! An appeal to arms and to the God of hosts is all that is left us!
There is no longer any room for hope.
In the third paragraph of his speech, Henry begins to explain his reasoning behind his claims and point to specific actions taken by the British which should not be accepted. In the above quote, he is using logos, which appeals to logic and reasoning. He very plainly lays out his justification of condemning the British by explaining facts and asking his audience to think about the meaning behind Britain's actions. He does this to make his audience realize that there is no more time for hope and loyalty, but rather, passion and pride.
Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery?
Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!
In this paragraph of Henry's speech, he begins proposes a counterargument to his ideas and explains why they are wrong. This can be seen in the above quote, where he using logos to explain why the counterargument isn't reasonable or logical by providing evidence against it.
In the second to last paragraph of his speech, Henry becomes audibly passionate about his cause and attempts to convince his audience to stand up a fight for their country. In the above quote, he uses pathos to draw passion and pride out of his audience in an effort to persuade them to take a stand against the British Crown.
In the final paragraph of his speech, Patrick Henry equates slavery to being ruled by Britain and calls for war. In order to gain support, he again uses pathos, to appeal to his audiences' emotions of passion and bravery. By becoming passionate himself, he is motivating his audience to do the same. Additionally, he gives an ultimatum: liberty and freedom or death, which lets his audience know that the decision before them is critical to the survival of their nation.