We have decided to stay neutral with the affairs between the British and the French
Washington's Farewell Speech
Development of Political Parties
In 1973, the French declared war on Britain; the U.S decided to remain neutral. Britain did not like this, so they started the impressment of American sailors. George Washington sent John Jay to attempt to fix this. He returned with the Jay Treaty stating that the U.S will pay back all debt, Britain paying for ships they seized and withdraw from the northwest and stop helping the Native Americans, however the British refused to recognize the U.S's right to trade with France.
Washington stated many things in his farewell address. For example he said that they should avoid political factions, they need to protect the necessity of checks and balances, that they need to educate the people, and that a president should only serve two terms.
Alien and Sedition Acts
Alien and Sedition Acts
The two political parties in the late 1700s were the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans. Alexander Hamilton was the leader of the Federalist and they were a supporters of the British, a national bank and a loose understanding of the constitution. Thomas Jefferson was a leader of the Democratic-Republicans they supported France and a strict understanding of the constitution, however they did not support a national bank.
After the passing of the Jay treaty, the French thought the U.S was siding with the British. They then started targeting American ships. John Adams sent three men to make peace. They were met by three agents of the foreign administer, Charles Talleyrand. They demanded a $250,000 bribe and a 12 million dollar loan. After this meeting, the Americans were enraged and wanted war; Adams took a different approach he built up the army and navy to intimidate the French.
We want $250,000 in bribe money and a 12 million dollar loan!
The U.S was afraid of what they didn't know, so they passed the Alien and Sedition Acts, that isolated aliens and even deported them. They extended the amount of years someone had to live in the United States to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years. They gave the president more power to deport anyone who was considered a threat or their home country was at war with U.S. They also made it a crime if someone wrote something negative about the president and/or certain officials.
In the election of 1800, the federalists lost the presidency and both houses of congress. In the passing of the Judiciary act of 1801, president Adams and congress attempted to pack the federal court system with federalists so they would still have some control and say in the government.