Three years later, Timur died and soon the Ottomans regained control of Lang's Empire.
Timur Lang 1136-1405 Mongol leader
In 1453, Ottomans captured Constantinople, bringing an end to the Byzantine Empire, and city was renamed Istanbul
In the 1500s, the Ottomans destroyed the Mamluk Empire. And the Ottomans conquered Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and Arabia. Their empire also took parts in southeastern Europe, North Africa, and Turkey.
Later on, Jews, Christians, and Muslims had their own local communities, called millets
Christian men were drafted and then raised in Sultan's palace, then converted to Islam, they became elite soldiers and government officials.
Muslim dynasties also grew up in other different places. Muslims in North America carried Islam south to West Africa. Pilgrims and merchants spread Islam among people that are living in the desert. By late 1200s there were Muslim kingdoms on islands of Indonesia and today, Indonesia has more Muslims than any other country.