The Constitution of the United States of America the 14th Amendment
Oh hello children. Funny to see you here. You must be here to learn about the 14th Amendment *cheers
"nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty or property, without due process of law
The 14th Amendment makes all people born in the United States citizens!
This was because former slaves were not given rights as white people had. This amendment makes former slaves citizens
This amendment also addresses the Supreme Court Case, Dred v Scott, which said that black men, even if free, could not be a citizen. This amendment outlaws this case, not allowing a state to take away their rights.
Now we are going to learn about the... *drumroll ELECTORAL COLLEGE
And when you vote for who you want as a president, that information goes to the electors as they (usually) pick the popular candidate
The Electoral College is a way of voting for a president. You elect an elector to vote for you in the November election
There is some controverisy about the electoral college. Some believe you vote doesn't count, or only some states really matter.
They wanted the most educated people to vote for the president while also the people having a say.
The creators of the Constitution wanted the best president for America. At that time they knew most Americans weren't educated, and were busy with there lives.
The number of electors per state depends on the population of each state, making it fair for the bigger states as they have more people = more representation.