Today we will learn about many different colonies, including Virginia, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth and Rhode Island. Before we get started, you should know that a colony is land owned and ruled by another country.
To start, Virginia, first governed by John Smith, was a royal colony. The settlers mainly included puritans, and was governed by the House of Burgesses. Virginia is also home to the famous Nathaniel Bacon, leading a large rebellion of farmers in result of opposing views with one of the governors.
Now, lets discuss Pennsylvania. The founder is William Penn, an English Quaker who received a charter from the king to form the proprietary colony, based on religous tollerance.
Now, we will talk about Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies. These colonies were founded when pilgrims came here from England. Massachusetts Bay was founded by John Winthrop and Plymouth was founded by William Bradford, both looking to spread christianity. Jonathan Edwards' christian views were popular here.
Nearby in New England, Rhode Island was founded to become a Separatist colony by Roger Williams. Anne Hutchinson was banned from Massachusetts bay for opposing their Puritan views, leading her to take part in the forming of Rhode Island.
Now for more Southern colonies, Maryland and Georgia were founded partially for religious reasons by Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore and James Oglethorpe.
A writer with similar views was John Peter Zenger, who was jailed for challenging the views of the New York governor.