It's OK Jack, maybe you're just not good at math.
I knew it.
Why did I get these questions wrong?
Teacher's Comment: Good. Why not excellent? Was there anything I could have improved?
Here are your quiz results. Now everyone open your books to start the next chapter.
We took this test 2 weeks ago. Why am I just getting the test back now?
He thinks I'm smart! I better not do anything to change his impression of me.
This example demonstrates why it is important to praise effort of intelligence. Research has shown that praising effort creates a growth mindset, while praising intelligence creates a fixed mindset.
Great Job! You're so smart!
I can see you've put a lot of effort into this, and you've almost got it. Can you explain your thinking so I can see which part you're having difficulty with?
I can do this. I just need to work at it.
This feedback will really guide me to which areas I need to improve to achieve my goal of an A.
Here are your results. Take a minute to look over any questions you missed. These are areas where you should focus on improving.
This quiz really exposed my weaknesses. Well at least now I now what I need to improve.
Mr. M just praised me for trying hard. I'm ready for another challenge!
Excellent penmanship, David. I can tell you really tried hard to make your letters look like the examples.
This example shows why it is important to give positive praise. If a student is told that he/she isn't good at something, then that student may believe it, and it will become a self-fulfilling prophecy.
Actionable, ongoing, timely feedback is very useful for students who wish to improve. It gives them insights into weaknesses they may not be aware of, in time to correct them before getting too far behind.
The feedback the teacher gave me really helps me understand what I can do to improve.
Targeted praise is important as well. Here, the teacher praises a specific accomplishment: David's excellent penmanship.