Marbury vs. Madison

Marbury vs. Madison

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  • Marbury Cat Fight 😺😺😺 Marbury v. Madison-1803 Michael Uwakwe  1/22/17 6th period; The Presidental election 1800
  • The Federalist Congress will pass the Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing for John Adams to make hundreds of appointments to the courts.  He also appointed John Marshall, his secretary of state, as chief justice of the United States after Chief Justice Ellsworth resigned.
  • Thanks again John
  • Don't mention it
  • Adams and Marshall worked around the clock to process the papers (commissions) for these last minute “midnight judges.” A few of the commissions had not been processed when Jefferson took office on March 4. Jefferson told James Madison, his secretary of state, to hold them.  One of these was for William Marbury.
  • Wow there sure are a lot of papers
  • C'mon we have to finish and keep going
  • One man, William Marbury, was upset. He wanted to be a judge! So he asked the United States Supreme Court to issue a legal order called a writ of mandamus. In this case, the writ would have required Marbury’s commission to be delivered.  In 1789, Congress had passed a law, the Judiciary Act of 1789, saying people could start at the Supreme Court if all they wanted was a writ of mandamus. Marbury argued that he was entitled to the writ because his commission had already been created. He also argued that the Supreme Court had the power to issue the writ.
  • Can you guys please let me have a writ of Mandamus so I can be a judge😢
  • Me and the Supreme Court will have to think about it.
  • Chief Justice
  • The Decision: Marshall turned down his claim. Marshall said that the Constitution did not give the Supreme Court jurisdiction to decide Marbury’s case.  That meant the 1789 law passed by Congress was unconstitutional.  Therefore, the Supreme Court said it could not help Marbury get his commission. 
  • Chief Justice
  • We're sorry but we've come to a verdict and decided that it was unconstitutional so you cant be a judge.
  • WHAT?!
  • This was the first time that judicial review was used.  Judicial review is the right of the Supreme Court to review and rule on acts of other branches of government. And it is still important today because it determines if a law is unconstitutional or not
  • It is still used today by the government/ supreme court
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