The Peloponnesian War

The Peloponnesian War

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  • How it Got Started
  • We declare war!
  • The First War
  • Athenians
  • We dominated the seas!
  • Spartans
  • We dominated the land!
  • Sparta's Gathering
  • The Peloponnesian War got started because of the jealousy and distrust Sparta had towards Athens. This happened when the Spartans and Athenians agreed to a thirty year peace so the Athenians could recover. However, during that time, Athens became powerful and wealthy and Spartans got jealous and declared war on Athens.
  • Athens' Success
  • We Won!
  • The outcome of the first war was that the Spartans dominated land and the Athenians dominated the sea. This war lasted for 10 years. All the way from its city to its seaport, the Athenians built long walls. It allowed them to stay inside the city and still have access to trade and supplies from their ships. Unfortunately, many people died in the city of Athens because of the plague.
  • Sparta's Comeback
  • They surrendered!
  • The Spartans began to gather allies to conquer Athens. They even asked for help to the Persians who lent them money to build a fleet of warships. 
  • The Outcome of the Defeat
  • Before
  • After
  • Between 410 and 406 BC, Athens recovered and won a series of battles.
  • The Spartan general defeated the Athenian fleet in battle in 405 BC.  Since the fleet was defeated, Athenians began to starve. They did not have the army to take on Spartans. So Athens surrendered to Sparta. 
  • Corinth and Thebes (city-states) wanted Athens destroyed and the people enslaved. Instead, Sparta made Athens tear down their walls, but refuse to destroy the city or enslave its people.
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