History of Tamaki Makaurau
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The Ngai Tai Tribe descended from the people of the Tainui and Te Kawerau-a-Maki. This group lived under the forest cover in Waitakere. They controlled land as far north as the Kaipara, across to Mahurangi and down to Takapuna.
Ngai Tai Iwi
The Ngati Te Ata tribe was based South of the Manukau at Waiuku.Along the coast from the Whangaparaoa to the the Thames estuary was Ngati Paoa a Hauraki tribe.
Ngati Te Ata Iwi
Ngati Paoa Iwi
From the early 18th Century the Ngati Paoa people edged their way into Hauraki Gulf and as far north as Mahurangi. Between 1740-1750 Ngati Whatua o Kaipara moved south invading the isthmus and killing the paramount chief of Wai-o-Hua. The conquerors secured their dominace of the isthmus by intermarrying with Nga Oho, descendants of the Wai-o-Hua. There followed a period of cautious peace in which Ngati paoa's conflict with Ngapuhi tribes in the north made the Tamaki tribes vulnerable to attack
From 1600 to 1750 the Tamaki Tribes terraced the volcanic cones, building pa. At the peak of Prosperity in 1750 the population numbered tens of thousands. It was pre-European New Zealand's most wealthy and populous area.
In 1821, The Ngapuhi leader Hongi Hika attacked at Tamaki tribes. They killed hundred and repeated the slaughter at Te Totara. In 1825 Ngapuhi attacked Ngaati Whatua.
The coastal area of Auckland was a great place of rescources for early Maori. Seasonal migration occured for food. The Tamaki river was a shark and kawhai fishing ground. Wood pigeons were plentiful around Ohuiarangi. Kumara, taro,yams and gourds were grown on Browns Island, fertile soils of Howick and stored in kumara pits on the peninsula.
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