During the Dawes Act to receive allotted land tribe members were to enroll with the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
After enrolled, their name went on the "Dawes rolls" and the land was divided up among the families within the tribes.
The Dawes Act did not apply to the five civilized tribes until later on during a negotiation with President Grover.
The "extra" land that was not alloted was to be used in the Oklahoma Land Rushes of the 1890s.
The allotments were difficult in dividing up inheritance and when divided up were sometimes too small for farming.
Some of the tribes had to resort to farming as their way of making a living and to keep their land, thought in some parts of the new land were horrible for growing crops and most did not want to farm.