In the early hours of the 10th of June 1886, Mount Tarawera erupted, spewing mud and ash into the sky. This eruption was caused by an intrusion of basalt into the rhyolite mush underground.
After the initial eruption
Many Maori and Europeans didn’t know what was happening whilst the mountain was erupting. Some thought it was just an explosion, and others though it was the Russians attacking.
The explosions that came from the mountain were heard as far away as Auckalnd and Christchurch. These same explosions caused a series of craters to form along Waimangu Valley.
When the initial eruption had calmed down, at about roughly 6 AM, many families were buried beneath mud and ash, causing Maori and Europeans to start to uncover the houses where these people had been buried.
By the time the after eruption earthquakes had ceased, it was announced that roughly 153 people had been lost and killed during the Mount Tarawera eruption. The eruption not only affected lives, but it buried the 8th wonder of the world, the pink and white terraces.
In 2011, roughly 125 years after the Mount Tarawera eruption, scientists began to uncover remnants of the Pink and Whiter terraces, a tourist attraction thought to have been forever lost/destroyed during this horrific event.