During the time of the abuses in the church at the beginning of the late Middle Ages, a man named Martin Luther triggered the revolt of the protest against the church in 1517. Martin tried living a holy life but still felt he was doomed to eternal salvation. He also grew disillusioned with what he saw as church corruption.
In 1517, a priest named Johann Tetzel set up a pulpit on the outskirts of Wittenberg. He offered indulgence to any Christian who contributed money for the rebuilding of the Cathedral of St. Peter in Rome. Claiming the indulgences would assure entry into heaven, this statement outraged Luther and he drew up the 95 theses.
The 95 these were arguments against indulgences that were posted on every door of all the Saint Wittenberg churches. Overnight, copies of the theses were all over Europe where the church stepped in and told Luther to recant. Luther refused the churches orders and had to hide in a castle for his arguments against the church. After time, thousands accepted his teaching's and following his lead renounced the authority of the pope.
Luther's teachings had several beliefs. Such as rejecting good deeds were necessary for salvation, upholding the bible as the sole source of religious truth, and rejecting the idea that priests and Church hierarchy had all power. Luther's followers set up Lutheran churches to follow his beliefs.
Luther beliefs gained wide spread support from clergy's, German princes, and Lutheran followers. Some reasons were to answers of church corruptions, throw off the rule of both the church and the Holy Roman emperor, and selfish reasons for German princes to seize the church. Though for peasants, in 1542 they had a revolt across Germany to demand an end to serfdom and changes for their harsh lives. Unfortunately, Luther denounced in result of killing thousands.
In the end, in 1530 and 1540, Holy Roman emperor Charles V tried to force Lutheran princes back into Catholic Church. After brief wars of this, Charles and the prince reached a successful settlement by signing The Peace Of Augsburg in 1555 which allowed each prince of his land to decided which religion would be followed in his lands of rule.