Ionians asked the Greeks for help in rebelling against the Persian Empire. Athens answered the call for help with ships, soldiers, and a want to help. But they could not defeat the Persians alone. The king of Persia, Darius the Great, vowed to destroy Athens for interfering.And this was the official start of the Persian war.
I'm sorry we couldn't defeat them alone!
The King of Persia sent 600 ships to attack and they landed at Marathon where 10,000 Athenians were waiting for their arrival. The Greeks won the battle and one man, Pheidippides ran 26 miles back to Athens. When he arrived he yelled, "Rejoice, we conquer!" and then passed out.
Rejoice, we conquer!
Persians returned under the command of King Darius' son, Xerxes. The Greek city-states weren't sure if they wanted to help Athens or just let it burn to ash and dust. 7000 Greeks and 300 Spartans joined forces and held Persian troops off for 3 days. The narrow mountain pass at Thermopylae gave Greeks strategic advantage, but they were betrayed, and they they all fell
Bravery of Spartans at Thermopylae allowed Athenians to get to the sea and cut the Persians off at the island of Salamis. More than 800 Greek ships were used in the huge attack. Persians couldn't maneuver their large ships and Athenians sunk their ships!
The Greeks defeat the Persians again, ending the war!
WE WON THE WAR!"
The Persian Wars helped to unite Athens and Sparta! Athenian victories at Marathon and Salamis left them in control of the Aegean Sea. And last but not least, Greeks preserved their political independence.