Brown V. Board of Education
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The NAACP noticed that the schools were NOT equal and many of them were often an incredible distance away for African American children to walk, whereas a white school might've only been a few minutes away.
Negro school, 10 miles this way.
Thurgood Marshall, the head of the NAACP legal defense, pled his case against separate schools but the justices were split thanks to Fred M. Vinson still agreeing with the Plessy verdict.
These schools are not equal by any means. The education differences between black and white schools are significant.
Lucky for those in favor of change, Vinson died in September of 1953 and was replaced by the governor of California, Earl Warren.
The next year, Earl Warren declared the separation of black and white schools unconstitutional. He wrote "In the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place,” as segregated schools are “inherently unequal.”
There will no longer be separate but equal schools!
Many people rejoiced, for this was a turning point in black history,
It finally happened!!
Sadly, this was only the beginning of a long journey for the fight for civil rights. The fight continues today.
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