Slavery was prominent in the Southern Colonies. Slaves were forced to work plantations that made goods such as tobacco which were essential to the Southern Colonies. Most slaves were acquired from the Caribbean islands from the Atlantic slave trade.
Roles of Woman, Men and Children
In the colonies, there was a representative government. White male citizens had the right to vote. The citizens voted for people to represent them in government. Citizens also had many more freedoms than in England including the freedom of press which allowed citizens to write anything of their choice. Town meetings were also held to discuss local issues.
England placed many restrictions on trade in the 13 colonies known as the navigation acts. These acts said that all main goods of the colonies could only be traded to British territories, all trading boats had to be English, and that crews had to be made up of mostly English workers.
In the colonies, women mostly did the work around the house and were forced to be subservient to their husbands. Children were taught how to do the work they would need to do in there adulthood. This is why most boys were apprentices.Men worked to provide for their families. In the South, this was usually done by running plantations with slaves.
The social classes in the thirteen colonies mainly favored white male European settlers. At the top of the social pyramid were the gentry. They were wealthy planters, merchants, ministers, royals, and lawyers. The middle class included most of the European settlers who did not find superiority. The lowest class included free African Americans.
Education was different for boys and girls in the colonies. Girls were taught how to manage a household by their mothers. Boys were taught trades such as shoemaking for their adulthood. Most boys were apprentices.