n 1818, President James Monroe sent Andrew Jackson—the hero of the Battle of New Orleans—to Georgia with orders to end the raids. Jackson was told that he could chase raiding Seminoles into Florida, but he did not have the authority to invade the Spanish colony.
The United States wanted possession of the port city of New Orleans, near the mouth of the Mississippi River.
The new territory would double the country's size at a bargain price of just 2 to 3 cents an acre.
Having acquired Louisiana through diplomacy, President Jefferson turned next to Florida. Spain had colonized Florida in the late 1500s. By the 1800s, Florida had a diverse population of Seminole Indians, Spanish colonists, English traders, and runaway slaves. In 1804, Jefferson sent two diplomats to Spain to buy Florida, but Spain's answer was “no deal.”
Despite his orders, Jackson marched into Florida with a force of 1,700 troops.
Fearing war, President Monroe asked his cabinet for advice. All but one of his cabinet members advised him to remove Jackson and apologize to Spain.