Separation of Powers
I am Montesquieu, a French noble.
Montesquieu's work, The Spirit of the Laws, was a study on governments. He used the Scientific Method to try to find the natural laws that govern the social and political relationships of human beings. Montesquieu stated that England's government had three branches; the executive, legislative, and the judicial branches. These branches are used in the U.S.
The Executive, or otherwise known as the President of the United States.
The Legislative Branch, or otherwise known as the U.S. congress.
And the Judicial Branch, or the Court of Law.
I am Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
In the major work The Social Contract, Rousseau presented his idea of the Social Contract.
In the Social Contract, an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will. Individuals who wish to follow their own self interests, must be forced to abide by the general will. Thus, liberty is achieved by being forced to follow what is best for the general will.
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