Native American tribes such as Cherokees, Choctaws and Seminoles were living peacefully on their land. They did not cause any trouble, yet they were labeled as savages by Andrew Jackson. Each tribe had their own customs and cultures (Goss).
Worcester v. Georgia
Southerners wanted all of the Native American land. The main reasons for this was because they wanted to expand more to the west. The land in the west also had more fertile land for growing cotton and treasures like gold (Davidson).
Indian Removal Act
The Indians have to go! Who cares if this is unconstitutional!
Andrew Jackson then became the 7th president of the U.S in 1828. He won the election with many supporters. Andrew Jackson also wanted to move the Indians westward for the same reasons. The presidents before him had all wanted the same, yet none of them actually did anything. Now that Jackson was president, he was extremely determined to move out the Indians (History.com).
How The Indians Felt
The case of Worcester v. Georgia was when Georgia tried to remove the Cherokees from their territory. Georgia lost the case when John Marshall ruled that the Americans had no power over Indian Territory. This case led to the Indian Removal Act (Davidson).
The ruling in the Worcester v. Georgia case angered Andrew Jackson. Jackson really wanted the Indians gone from the area. Therefore, he took matters into his own hands and enforced the Indian Removal Act. The Indian Removal Act stated that the Native Americans had to move west of the Mississippi River in exchange for land in the east (Davidson).
The Indians were not happy about the news. Their land was considered sacred to them. The Choctaws were the first to leave their territory. They accepted the Removal Act like their fate and signed a treaty that stated their movement even though they were uncomfortable with the situation (Davidson).