The slaves in the French Colony of Santo-Domingo were inspired by the independence movement that the French Revolution set forth.
Liberte! Egalite! Fraternite!
They were also inspired by the enlightenment thinkers because they introduced this idea of equality for all.
Robspierre, whos goal was to eliminate the monarchy in France, wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man which called for all everyone to be active citizens which was very radical for the time
The Declaration of the Rights of Man
Egalite for All!
Former slave Toussaint L'Ouverture along with his army of former slaves, rebelled against the farmers and eventually gained controlled 1/3 of the island. He was able to expand the revolution beyond Haiti.
France and Toussaint made an agreement to abolish slavery if the Revolt would end. However, Toussaint was accused of planning another revolt and...
Slavery is abolished
L'Ouverture is jailed and Jean Jacques Dessalines
Toussaint was jailed and Jean Jacques Dessalines took his place. Dessalines went on to win the revolution until 1804 when he declared Haiti an independent nation- The First Black Colony to do so!
Haiti became the first independent black republic in the world and the second western nation to declare its independence from Europe (the first being the United States.