Before the removal of the Natives, Andrew Jackson and the U.S. government established treaties with the tribes. These treaties showed what land belonged to the tribes and where they could live. After the Removal Act was set in place the treaties were ignored as the President went against his word.
Indian Removal Act
The Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, and Creek) tried to assimilate with the white people. They did this by living in towns with roads, going to school and church, and having representative governments. The Cherokee even had a written language and some slaves.
Worcester v. Georgia Supreme Court Case
It's their land!
In the 1820s gold was found on the land that rightfully belonged to the Cherokee tribe, the settlers of America wanted it. Because of their want for the gold, they forcefully removed the Cherokee off of their land.
Trail of Tears & Indian Teritory
In 1830 President Andrew Jackson went against the treaties and approved a law that would remove the Native American tribes.
In this court case, Worcester went against the State of Georgia. The state wanted to remove the Cherokee from their land but Samuel Worchester argued that the land was the Native's right. The court ended up ruling in favor of the Natives and said that Georgia had no right to interfere. Unfortunately, President Jackson didn't care and went against the court system.
In 1838, the Cherokee people that still remained on their land were forcefully removed by the U.S. government. They were forced to walk to Oklahoma, to a designated area for them to live. Over 70,000 natives were moved and thousands died during and after the journey. Only one in four Natives survived the grueling Trial of Tears.