Sup, my name is Ice Cube and I'm here to let you know about the melting of glaciers and ice sheets, and the effects it has on our planet.
Data from the Bermuda monitoring programs show that CO2 levels at the ocean surface are rising at about the same rate as atmospheric CO2. But it is in the deeper levels where Bates has observed even greater change. In the waters between 820 and 1,476 feet (250 and 450 meters) deep, CO2 levels are rising at nearly twice the rate as in the surface waters.
Most believe that human activity, in particular, the burning of fossil fuels and the resulting buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, have influenced this warming trend.
The ice helps by reflecting some of the light from the sun, without the ice reflecting the sunlight than the earth would absorb more heat.
In the past decade scientists have documented record-high average annual surface temperatures and have been observing other signs of change all over the planet: in the distribution of ice, and in the salinity, levels, and temperatures of the oceans.
When temperatures rise and ice melts, more water flows to the seas from glaciers and ice caps, and ocean water warms and expands in volume. This combination of effects has played the major role in raising average global sea level between four and eight inches 10 and 20 centimetersin the past hundred years, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.