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Around the 1700s, France was considered the most advanced country in Europe. It was highly populated, amazing infrastructure, and the center of enlightenment. But there were high taxes, which were bad for the 3rd estate which made up 98% of the population.
The cost of living was too high for the 3rd estate therefore, they were starved .
I'm so hungry!
Meanwhile, the wealthy ignored what was going on in the rest of France and enjoyed their lives
The 3rd estate became angry. They felt that they have been suffering for to long and decided to take action. They formed the national assembly to take away the power from the king. Later, citizens raided homes of nobles and burned papers so that they no longer had to pay taxes. The King and Queen were forced to leave.
King Louis tries to escape to Austria but is caught and sent back to his palace. The king now has no power over France.
The assembly created a limited constitutional monarchy and handed their power to the Legislative Assembly.
Austria and Prussia wanted to restore King Louis XVI's power and threatened war. War begins. Citizens in France started riots which created angry mobs. They gained power, imprisoned the king, and tried him for treason. They found him guilty.
After the king is found guilty, the monarchy is abolished. He is beheaded. People who did not agree with the new gov't were also beheaded. Robespierre wanted to build a Republic of Virtue in France. He wanted to take away al traces of the monarchy. He became the head of the Committee of Public Safety and beheaded anyone who he thought was an enemy, including the queen. (reign of terror).
The National Convention then met to discuss about what to do with Robespierre and came to a decision. In 1794, Robespierre was beheaded. In 1800, Napoleon was chosen leader of France.
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