The War of 1812 was a war that America fought against Britain and some Native American tribes. The reason that the two countries went to war was because in 1803, France and Britain were at war again, and the U.S. was trading with both countries. In order to weaken the French though, Britain would stop any ships going to France to trade with them, angering the U.S. and leading to war in 1812.
War in the South
In the east during the war, the British invaded Washington D.C. They went to nearly all of the government buildings and burned them. After they did this, they fled the city due to a hurricane and a tornado that swept through it. Later, the British tried to invade Baltimore, but Baltimore was ready for the British, and defeated them when they tried to destroy Fort McHenry.
Effects of the war
In the west, the war between America and England was on Lake Erie where the Americans were victorious. After this, the Americans battled Native American tribes that allied with each other, and were again victorious. When the Natives were defeated, they were discovered to be using British weapons.
The Americans defeated the British once again in the south when they reclaimed New Orleans and the rest of the Louisiana Territory. This battle though, was not needed because of a treaty that had been worked out between the two countries but was not known due to slow communication.
Some of the effects of the war were that the United States was viewed as a real country internationally after defeating the British twice in thirty years. Along with this, Americans had a greater sense of patriotism, and were proud to be Americans. Finally, the war gave the country's manufacturing production a boost because they were not able to rely on trade during the war, and factories had to fill in.