In Paleolithic times, small bands of 20 to 60 people went from place to place to find food. When people started to grow food, they settled by farms.
You're right Nel! As a result, places like towns and villages grew. They grew like those at Jericho (present-day israel)
Communities made it possible for people to organize themselves easier. They could divide up the work and each person would have a job.
Thats right! While some people grew crops, others built houses and made tools.
Village dwellers learned to do tasks more quickly. For example, toolmakers shared the work of making tools.
Yeah Nick! We shared making stone axes and knife blades. We made more tools at the same amount of time by working together.
The things we were looking for when trading were things like flint or obsidian. Craftspeople used obsidian to make knife blades, arrowheads, and mirrors.
Yes Nel! People also traded for beauty products like red ore and shell ornaments called hematite. Women rubbed hematite on their lips to make them redder.
We trade to get resources we don't have in our area. As we became better at making crafts, we wanted more materials so we could improve the strength and beauty of the items we made.
That's right Nick! Retrieving those resources became the job of traders. Traders traveled many miles to search for materials. We crossed mountains, deserts, and seas, rode on donkeys, ships, and traveled on foot.