"We are failing because we are lacking an executive branch!"
The Three-Fifths compromise was the committee's solution. It was to count all enslaved people as three-fifths of a free person for taxation and representation.
The Bill of Rights is made up of the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. Federalists had argued that the Constitution did not need a Bill of Rights because both the people and the states kept any powers not given to the federal government.
Some delegates were hesitant to to establish a powerful ruler after the memories of King George lll's rule. Others believed that the Confederation had failed because they were lacking a executive branch. Article ll of the Constitution established the executive branch to carry out nation's laws. The president is the "commander in chief of the armed forces and conducts relations with other countries."