In a Monarchy, a king or queen rules the country. The king or queen is known as the monarch. Monarchs usually come to power through their family line. in historical times, monarch held all the power and had the final say over the government. In modern times, monarchs usually share power with other parts of government.
A form of government where one leader has absolute control over citizens' lives. If there is a Constitution, the dictator has control over that too. Although other parts of the government may exist, such as courts or a lawmaking body, these branches always do what the dictator wants them to do. They do not represent citizens.
We rule over you!
What about us?
Citizens elect leaders to represent their rights and interest in government. the elected leaders, or representatives, do the day-to-day work of governing the country. They consider the issues, work to find solutions, pass laws, and do all of the other things necessary to keep a country going. Citizen hold the ultimate power, though, because if they don't like what their representatives are doing, they can vote in new ones.
Praise our almighty God
There are no representatives. Citizens are directly involved in the day-to-day work of governing the country. Citizens might be required to participate in lawmaking or act as judges. The best example of this was in the ancient Greek city-state called Athens. Most modern countries are too large for a direct democracy to work.
A small group of people has all the power. Sometimes this means that only a certain group has political rights, such as members of one political party, one social class, or one race. An oligarchy can also mean that a few people control the country.
A government that recognized God or a divine being as the ultimate authority. Religious law is used to settle disputes and rule the people. A theocracy can also be a democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, or just about any other kind of government. Modern theocracies are usually found in countries where the population is strongly religious.